Origines Gentium: Mythic Kinships as an Archive of Cross-Cultural Interactions in the Ancient World


  • Joshua Ngee Chae Goh National University of Singapore




There is a perceptible gap between present-day historians and those of classical antiquity in their understanding of inter-cultural connections. While ancient historians tended to conceptualize inter-cultural connections in terms of common descent, present-day historians focus mainly on concrete materialist processes such as trade networks and ‘actual’ moments of diplomatic contact.

While the current neglect of mythic kinships is arguably justifiable given their largely fictitious nature, this paper argues that these sources are still very much relevant to the study of ancient global history as an ‘archive’ of cross-cultural interactions. Being discourses created to ideologically justify existing relationships within other societies and cultures, myths of ethnic origins constitute an important form of ancient diplomacy. This makes it extremely important for us to consider myths of ethnic origins as a mode of ancient cross-cultural interaction when writing a global history of the ancient world.

In order to demonstrate how exactly myths of ethnic origins might be read as an ‘archive’ of ancient cross-cultural interactions, this paper will engage in a brief philological study of some of the various mythic kinships that mediated relations between  the Indic and Hellenistic worlds after Alexander the Great invaded India in 326 BC. Reading the myths told by each side as discursive strategies with a diplomatic imperative, I not only hope to emphasize the role played by myths of ethnic origins in Indo-Greek relations but also to develop a cohesive framework for a more complete and nuanced understanding of ancient cross-cultural interactions.

Author Biography

Joshua Ngee Chae Goh, National University of Singapore

Joshua is an undergraduate history major at the National University of Singapore who specializes in global antiquity with a particular focus on ancient Chinese and Mediterranean societies.  As of now, his research agenda is defined by two distinct trajectories. On one hand, he is interested in the history of pre-modern global interconnections. On the other hand, he is also interested in deepening his understanding of the relationship between history and literature by reading ancient historiography comparatively.