Global Histories: A Student Journal 2021-02-04T18:54:38+01:00 Ruby Guyot Open Journal Systems Impressum/Contents 2021-02-04T18:54:36+01:00 Ruby Guyot Impressum/Contents, 6.2 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ruby Guyot Editorial Letter/Acknowledgements 2021-02-04T18:54:38+01:00 Ruby Guyot Editorial/Acknowledgements, 6.2 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ruby Guyot Dressing Imperialism: The Cultural Significance of the Kashmiri Shawl in the Age of Imperialism 2021-02-04T18:54:34+01:00 Katherine Amelia Carberry Global histories of commodities have highlighted the interconnectedness of global trade in the nineteenth-century and have demonstrated that commodities bound people of different continents in often invisible ways. Global histories of commodities, however, continue to focus on male actors and their involvement as traders, business owners, and politicians. As a result, such histories often eclipse the experiences of women, the working classes, and the subaltern. Despite such shortcomings, global histories of commodities can reflect on the global conditions which have shaped individuals’ affective and material experiences. As such, my work considers how the Kashmiri shawl, a fashionable garment of South Asian origin, came to embody the changing character of British womanhood. This process occurred not only as a result of Britain’s colonial presence, but also by way of cross-cultural dialogue between Britain, India, and France. The Kashmiri shawl operated as a nexus of class, race, sex, and gender and is, therefore, well-poised to inform how metropolitan Britons understood and responded to the notion of empire and how consumers negotiated the shifting meanings of foreign commodities. The shawl’s sartorial versatility and proximity to the body render it a highly personal and suggestive item ripe for investigation. A careful examination of British and Anglo-Indian women’s letters and travel journals, as well as nineteenth-century artwork, literary works, and print culture, demonstrates that the shawl became a symbolically and sexually charged item because of its connections to both the Orient and British femininity. More specifically, the shawl reveals nineteenth-century concerns surrounding female sexuality and the instability of white racial identity within an expanding British empire. 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Katherine Amelia Carberry Between the Nation and the Empire: The Transmission of Texts and Ideas about Temperance in the USA and Russia in the early 20th century 2021-02-04T18:54:31+01:00 Anna Smelova The 19th century witnessed the rise of various reformist movements at both international and local levels, such as clean-living crusades, public health campaigns, and temperance activism. Anti-alcohol activism flourished in different countries and regions and resulted in a wave of legal restrictions on the sale, production, and use of alcoholic beverages, or as a political thinker Mark Schrad called it, ‘the global prohibition drama.’ The most significant temperance movements were those in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Nordic countries. Nevertheless, Russia, which is traditionally represented as an “alcoholic empire” is absent from the map of ‘temperance cultures’. This article seeks to bridge the distance between the metropolis of the anti-alcohol world - the United States, - and its imagined periphery. It will be shown how the ideas and practices of sobriety traveled across the Atlantic and found their implementation in late imperial Russia. To trace this international exchange of ideas, I will focus on the conference presentation made by the American temperance activist Cora Frances Stoddard at the 12th Anti-alcohol Congress in 1909 and its Russian translation of 1914. The proposed research will address the “glocalization” of temperance on several levels. A comparative consideration of the report and its translation will contribute to the understanding of the national contexts in which American and Russian temperance movements were developing. Of particular interest to me is the invention of sobriety as an international social movement and political practice in the modern era, as well as the circulation and transfer of ideas from one continent to another. From a larger perspective, this work aims at placing Prohibition into the global context and understanding the causes and outcomes of the worldwide policy in the first quarter of the 20th century. 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anna Smelova East-South Women’s Encounters in the Global History of the Cold War: The Anti-Imperialism of Women’s Activism(s) 2021-02-04T18:54:30+01:00 Clara Fechtner This research focuses on East-South women’s solidarity networks during the second half of the 20th century, focusing on the communist East German Democratic Women’s League (DFD) and its transnational relationships with women’s organizations from the decolonizing world within and beyond the Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF), the largest transnational women’s organization in the post-1945 period. The paper reveals not only how women’s rights became an important marker in the broader interactions between the socialist camp and the ‘Third World’ but also exposes how the concept of women’s rights and its translation into practices at different socio-spatial levels gave rise to a transnational configuration of social practices, common symbols, and artefacts. 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Clara Fechtner What is Global History of Technology (good for)? 2021-02-04T18:54:27+01:00 Friedrich N. Ammermann Despite the large role that technology plays in many Global History studies, a self-styled ‘Global History of Technology’ is emerging only recently. Given that technology is not easily contained in national frameworks, global history lends itself easily to histories of technology. What is still largely missing, however, is a conceptualization of what a ‘Global History of Technology’, that brings both strands together, could contribute, to either discipline and as a whole. This gap is at the centre of this essay. After sketching the key ideas and development in Global History and History of Technology, this essay outlines how a Global History of Technology could like, what it enquires and which terms it might use. It is finally argued, that Global History and History of Technology complement each other in many ways, and that new terms can help to sharpen Global History arguments and to provide (non-Eurocentric?) ‘fresh perspectives’ on technology in the Global South as well as the Western world. 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Friedrich N. Ammermann From Imperial Science to Post-Patriotism: The Polemics and Ethics of British Imperial History 2021-02-04T18:36:50+01:00 Emma Gattey From its inception in the late nineteenth century, British imperial history was intended to provide ideological and practical support for empire. Although this sub-discipline has evolved through multiple theoretical ‘turns’ in recent decades, inflected by the methodological developments in global history, imperial history is still used to naturalise global power structures and geopolitical and economic imparities. As several global and imperial historians have remarked, there are serious ethical challenges associated with yoking history to policy, and to public understandings of the past. To meet these challenges, Richard Drayton and Dane Kennedy have urged academics to adopt a ‘post-patriotic’, self-reflective imperial history, one which transcends ideology. These influential historians have also denounced a scholarly focus on the epistemic violence of empire, arguing that this obscures ‘real’, physical violence. However, these historians’ entreaties are marked by their own positionality, one which focuses on ideological and political battlegrounds between polities and empires, at the expense of a truly global focus on the most pressing planetary conjuncture of our time: climate crisis, and its connections with empire. This essay summarises these debates, as well as recent global histories which have closely analysed the interconnections between empire and climate change, indicating a tipping point in global environmental historiography. Using the concepts of the Great Divergence, postcolonial theory, and ‘climatic orientalism’, several global historians have shown that the two dovetailing forms of violence—epistemic and physical—are mutually reinforcing within the history of empire and climate change. Ultimately, this essay suggests that within existing analytical frameworks, the discipline of global history is well-equipped to assess the complex role of imperialism in causing and intensifying climate change. Thus, global historians ought to continue contributing to this inherently interdisciplinary, transnational field. 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Emma Gattey Capitalist Realism, Disappointment, and the History of Sensibilities: A Case for Fiction as Historical Source 2021-02-04T18:54:26+01:00 Dennis Koelling Blending a reflection on the historiography of sensibilities in the study of the recent past with a discussion on the relationship between literary criticism and the field of history proper, this paper makes a case for a further engagement with fiction as a historical source by cultural historians. Briefly engaging with the evolution of Raymond Williams' concept of a "structure of feeling" and tracing it to Daniel Wickberg's call for a new history of sensibilities, the article then engages with the field of what Mark Fisher called "capitalist realism" as an object of study that can serve as an example on how to apply the study of fiction in recent history. 2021-01-10T10:45:15+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dennis Koelling